Istanbul, formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople, is a vibrant and historically rich city located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. As the largest city in Turkey and one of the most significant urban centers in the world, Istanbul stands as a mesmerizing fusion of ancient traditions and modernity. One of the defining features of Istanbul is the Bosphorus Strait, which separates the European and Asian sides of the city. This narrow waterway connects the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara and has been a crucial trade route and strategic location throughout history. While preserving its historical heritage, Istanbul has evolved into a modern metropolis, boasting a dynamic and diverse urban culture. , Istanbul is a city of captivating contradictions, where ancient traditions harmonize with contemporary trends. Its rich history, architectural wonders, and cultural vibrancy make it an alluring destination for travellers seeking an unforgettable experience. Istanbul is not just about its historical landmarks; it also boasts natural beauty with parks, gardens, and the stunning Bosphorus coastline, offering picturesque views for visitors to enjoy.